PuRCELL 12 Sonatas of 3 Parts

Author: 
Lindsay Kemp
VIVAT110. PURCELL 12 Sonatas of 3 PartsPURCELL 12 Sonatas of 3 Parts

PURCELL 12 Sonatas of 3 Parts

  • (12) Sonatas of III Parts
  • (10) Sonatas in Four Parts
  • (12) Sonatas of III Parts

There is no particular stylistic distinction between Purcell’s two sets of trio sonatas, despite the fact that one (published in 1683) bore the title Sonatas of Three Parts and the other (published posthumously by his widow in 1697) Sonatas in Four Parts. Both, in fact, feature four partbooks, respectively for two violins, bass viol and basso continuo, and it seems likely that all the works in them were written around the same time, in the early 1680s. If so, we can assume that the twelve 1683 sonatas, arranged in careful key sequence, were Purcell’s first-choice items, and certainly his famous comment – that they were a ‘just imitation of the most fam’d Italian masters’ – suggests an element of quiet pride. Those Italian masters would have included the likes of Colista, Cazzati, Vitali and (new on the scene) Corelli, and Purcell’s reflections of them, with their Italian-language performance instructions, must indeed have seemed quite exotic. Yet the English master’s own creative personality, his ravishing melodic gift and restless harmonic fortification are all over them.

The King’s Consort have already recorded the 1697 sonatas (8/14), and bring the same musical qualities to bear here. The violinists Cecilia Bernardini and Huw Daniel are first-rate, ideally matched in a transparent but easily sustained and beautiful sound, and the continuo contributions from Reiko Ichise’s gamba, Lynda Sayce’s theorbo and Robert King’s organ and harpsichord are delicately supportive. Some listeners may wish for a little more continuity and force, for instance in those places where a movement seems to want to spill into the next and in those gut-wrenching Purcellian plunges into chromatic disintegration. Yet although the excellent Purcell Quartet describe a more involving flow of events, London Baroque create a richer and weightier eloquence and the Retrospect Trio a firmer and more rhythmic definition, there is nevertheless a sweet grace and clarity to these new performances that makes for pleasant listening indeed.

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